While several Indian students are moving mountains get a medical degree from foreign countries, most of them fail to get through the Foreign Medical Graduate Exam (FMGE). After acquiring a foreign degree from abroad, medical practitioners need to pass the FMGE screening test that offers them the licence to practice in India. But, the pass percentage of FMGE is not very encouraging.
According to the data from the National Board of Examination (NBE), the exam conducting body, from 2015-2018, the total pass percentage of the exam was 14.22%, with only 8,731 out of 61,418 candidates who appeared in the past four years managed to pass the exam.
NBE that conducts the exam twice each year revealed that the highest number of Indian medical graduates appearing for the screening test were from China (20,019) followed by Russia (11,724), Ukraine (8,130), Nepal (5,894) and Kyrgyzstan (5,335), Georgia (1682), Philippines (1421), Kazakhstan (1393), Bangladesh (1265) and Armenia (1097).
Of these top 10 countries, the highest pass percentage was registered from Bangladesh with 27.11% followed by the Philippines at 25.69%. While a big number of Indian students head to China and Russia to study medicine, not many manage to pass FMGE. The pass percentage of students graduating from China and Russia is only 11.8% and 12.9% respectively.
Students have been concerned over the difficulty level of FMGE, and authorities at Medical Council of India (MCI) and NBE received complaints regarding the same. “A special committee was set up 4-5 years back that analysed the exam pattern and found the difficulty level to be appropriate for the screening test,” an NBE official told the
FMGE is conducted twice a year in June and December and a candidate has to score a minimum of 50% marks in each of the papers to pass the exam. A candidate gets only three attempts to pass the screening test.
The data also shows that there were Indian students who studied medicine in Yemen, Zambia, Sudan, Tanzania and Ethiopia. From Pakistan, around 152 candidates appeared for FMGE of which only 45 qualified.